WARDEN EXCHANGE ADVISORY PANEL
Former Warden, Louisiana State Penitentiary
Burl Cain is warden of Louisiana State Penitentiary in Angola, which is the largest prison in the U.S. with 90 percent of inmates who will never be released. He is the longest-standing warden in the history of LSP; under his leadership, the inmate population of over 6,000 has seen a marked decrease in violent incidents. The transformational approach he implemented is the subject of the 2005 book, Cain's Redemption, by Dennis Shere. He holds a degree in agricultural business from Louisiana State University and a Master’s degree in criminal justice from Grambling State University. He began his career at the Louisiana Farm Bureau, which led to serving as assistant secretary of agribusiness for Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections. From 1981 to 1995, he was warden of the Dixon Correctional Institute and served as vice chairperson of the Louisiana State Civil Service Commission. He is currently on the executive committee of the American Correctional Association (ACA).
Former Director of Corrections and former Warden in Michigan
Patricia “Pat” Caruso was appointed director of the Michigan Department of Corrections in July 2003 following a 15-year career with the agency that includes experience as a manager, warden, regional prison administrator, and deputy director. Caruso received a Bachelor of Arts degree in political science and sociology from Lake Superior State University and a Master’s degree in comprehensive occupational education from the University of Michigan. Caruso has served as vice president of the American Correctional Association (ACA) and as president of the Association of State Correctional Administrators. She is a former member of the ACA Commission on Accreditation for Corrections, the ACA Standards Committee, and the ACA Program Planning Committee, and is a past president of the North American Association of Wardens and Superintendents. Caruso was part of the process when Michigan reduced its prison population and recidivism through a “Justice Reinvestment” strategy. She believes corrections officials should care what happens when people leave prison and supports innovative reentry initiatives.
Director of Legislative Relations, Michigan
Alan Cropsey serves as director of legislative relations in the Michigan Attorney General’s Office. He received a Bachelor of Science degree in mathematics education and a minor in composite science from Bob Jones University in Greenville, South Carolina. He earned a Juris Doctor degree from Thomas M. Cooley Law School in Lansing, Michigan. Cropsey worked as a partner with the Kallman & Cropsey law firm, was a teacher, and was appointed by President Ronald Reagan to the Intergovernmental Advisory Council on Education (IACE). He served on the advisory committee of the National Juvenile Justice Reform Project and was chairman of the Criminal Justice Section, Source Book of Model Legislation. His legislative work includes time as Michigan State Representative, 1979-1982; Michigan State Senator, 1983-1986; candidate for U.S. Congress for Michigan’s 10th District, 1990; was elected to the House of Representatives, 1992, 1994, and 1996; and was elected to the state senate in 2002 and 2006. He is married with four children.
Executive Director, Correctional Management Institute of Texas
Since July 2006, Doug Dretke has served as executive director for the Criminal Justice Center's Correctional Management Institute of Texas (CMIT) at Sam Houston State University. As a 26-year veteran of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice and SHSU alumnus, Dretke has first-hand knowledge of the agency. He rose from the ranks at TDCJ starting as a correctional officer before moving to assistant warden then senior warden at the Holliday and Pack Units. During his tenure with TDCJ, Dretke built strong working relationships with state and national leaders. In 1980, Dretke earned his Bachelor's degree from SHSU in criminology and corrections. In 2001, he received a Master’s degree in public administration with a criminal justice concentration from Texas A&M. Delivering speeches nationwide, Dretke is regarded as a respected presenter on various criminal justice-related issues. His passion for leadership development fits perfectly with CMIT’s mission to deliver development programs for personnel in corrections agencies and adult and juvenile probation communities.
Former Warden, Rikers Island Jail Complex (RIJC), New York
Rikers Island, New York City’s jail complex is billed as the world’s largest penal colony with an average daily inmate population of 14,000 men and women. Edmund Duffy started with the NYC Department of Correction in 1986 and spent his 29-year career at Rikers. He worked his way through the ranks while serving during much of his career as adjunct faculty to the Correction Academy in developing newly-assigned staff to supervisory ranks. As a captain, he oversaw the department's largest mental health unit. As an assistant deputy warden and deputy warden, he was responsible for security at the department's largest facilities, and as deputy warden in command, he oversaw the department's hospital prison wards. He has received numerous distinctions, including recognition as the department's deputy warden of the year, an award from the correction officer's union for outstanding leadership. In 2008, Duffy was elevated to warden and assigned to Rikers Island where he served until 2015 as the commanding officer of four separate facilities. He has been interviewed by the New York Daily News, the City Journal, and CorrectionsOne.com, an online resource for the corrections industry. While at the George Motchan Detention Center at Rikers, Duffy was instrumental in establishing an Honor Program, which utilized a curriculum, classrooms, and numerous community-based volunteers to provide moral rehabilitation while preparing inmates to reenter the community. Duffy is in the process of completing his Bachelor of Arts degree at John Jay College of Criminal Justice. He and his wife, Janinne, remain active in their church.
Former Warden, Salinas Valley State Prison (SVSP), California
After graduating from UCLA, Randy Grounds started his career in 1979 with the El Dorado County Probation Department where he worked for 11 years. During that time he was assigned at a juvenile facility as a probation officer. In 1991, he began his work with the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation where he has been employed for 23 years. He has worked at four different prisons including Tehachapi, Solano, Soledad, Salinas Valley State Prison, which included all levels of custody. Grounds was the warden for the Correctional Training facility at Soledad prior to being reassigned as warden at Salinas Valley State Prison. In 2014, he retired from his long-standing career in corrections but still serves in advisory roles. The variety of positions he has held include correctional counselor, supervisor, classification and parole representative, facility captain, associate warden, chief deputy warden, and warden. He places a strong emphasis on “Corrections 101,” delivery of services, and leadership. Randy and his wife have been married for 34 years and they reside in Monterey, California. They have three adult children and two grandchildren.
Reginald “Reggie” Wilkinson
Former Director of Corrections and former Warden in Ohio
Association of State Correctional Administrators (ASCA) states that “few individuals generate as much respect and admiration as Reggie Wilkinson.” Wilkinson is currently the president & CEO of the Ohio College Access Network. Formerly he was executive director of the Business Alliance on Higher Education and the Economy; and since 1973, he was employed by the Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction. Dr. Wilkinson is past-president of ASCA and American Correctional Association (ACA), has authored numerous articles on best practices in corrections, and has spoken on restorative justice and faith-based programming. He has received awards from the National Governors Association, ACA, ASCA, International Community Corrections Association, National Association of Blacks in Criminal Justice, Volunteers of America, Ohio Community Corrections Organization, and the Ohio Correctional and Court Services Association. Reggie received a Bachelor’s degree in political science and a Master’s in higher education administration, both from Ohio State University. He was awarded a Doctor of Education from the University of Cincinnati.pfm.org